Today, we are going to discover together five women who made history and whom I had to introduce you to. All these women are really very important for their actions, for their works, for all the struggles they led and that really changed society.
Let’s start right away with the first woman I wanted to introduce you to. She made history a very long time ago, I named Hatshepsut. You probably know Cleopatra but you’ve certainly heard less about Hatshepsut and well she was one of the first female pharaohs of Ancient Egypt long before Cleopatra. We don’t have much on her, we even had to wait until 2007 to identify her mummy and for good reason, the pharaohs of the time were not very pleased that a woman was in their lines.
So they tried to remove the traces of his reign. When her husband died, she became regent of the young Tutmosis III, who was supposed to take back the throne, but neither one nor two Hatshepsut decided to take back the throne and become pharaoh herself. In this case, she is very cunning, to become pharaoh she will represent herself as a man with the traditional beard the loincloth, that is to say the fabric worn by pharaohs and the famous headgear the nemes. With these 3 things, she symbolizes power and can therefore begin to reign during her reign.
Particularly extraordinary is the construction of her mortuary temple which is considered one of the most beautiful architectural masterpieces in the world and you can still see it in Egypt. She will remain in power for twenty years until her death. Twenty years of building obelisks, monuments, chapels, restoring temples, she likes to build and leave her mark in history. Alas, when she died, Tutmosis 3 regained power and destroyed all these representations and statues. It is only in the 19th century that the existence of Hatshepsut as pharaoh was realized thanks to the hieroglyphs in his famous temple.
We now move on to Mary Stuart. We make a great leap in history in 16th century Scotland. At that time, Queen Elizabeth I reigned over England and in Scotland Mary Stuart, the Queen of Scotland, did not make as much of an impression, but her passage was just as remarkable. Very early, Mary Stuart is launched in the great bath since she becomes the Queen of Scotland when she is only six days old. Her father, James V of Scotland died suddenly.
She passes under the guardianship of her regent, her mother who also ends up dying. At that time Marie Stuart leaves to live in France and there she becomes the wife of the King of France at the age of 16. She is still very young and yet she is already making history. She became one of the few queens of two different countries. But alas, two years later, another hard blow, her husband also dies prematurely. In spite of the tradition, she categorically refuses to remarry and so she returns to Scotland and claims the throne that is rightfully hers not only from Scotland but also from England.
As a Catholic and thanks to her descendants, she can become a legitimate heiress to the throne of England despite the presence of Queen Elizabeth I. It is important to remember that Mary Stuart and Elizabeth I are cousins and their relationship will be a little bit uneven. On the one hand, Mary Stuart wants to take the throne of her cousin or place her son on it, which she will have with another man, and on the other hand, what must be emphasized is the admiration between the two women, firstly because they are both queens in an exclusively male political world, and secondly because Elisabeth has supported her cousin several times in her decisions or misfortunes. In spite of all that, it still ends badly for one of the two friends, Stuart is locked up by his cousin for almost 18 months for conspiracy to murder the Queen. Finally, in 1587, she was sentenced to death at the age of 44.